Learning how to grind coffee beans yourself at home, whether you’re looking for a coarse or a finer grind, can be a satisfying experience. You are able to learn a new skill, and at the same time benefit from making fresh, enjoyable coffee in your own kitchen. You will save money by brewing your coffee at home so all you need to know to get started is the coffee grind size for every brewing method.
The way in which you grind your coffee is the initial step in swaying how the final coffee tastes when it is ready to drink. You can have the maximum quality coffee beans, the purest water, the first-class filters, and an outstanding coffee maker and still go on to make horrible tasting coffee – it all depends on the grind size. The mainstay of great coffee is to use the proper sized coffee grounds to give you the best flavors. Your grinds are a vital tool in helping you to control your flavors and really get your beans working for you. Coffee beans ought to be ground just before you intend to brew your coffee, as aromas develop throughout the grinding and coffee making process. These smells are full of taste and you do not want them to escape your final drink.
Coffee Grind Size
When the coarseness of coffee is mentioned, what is actually being discussed is the size of the coffee beans that are being selected for use. A coarse grind is when you grind the beans only a small amount, resulting in fairly large portions of coffee beans being left over. With a fine grind, the beans are ground down until they become a silky, powdery texture.
A coarse coffee grind will enable hot water to bind to the exterior of the individual bean and so it can grip onto the flavor as it gradually infiltrates to the center of every grind. With a fine coffee grind however, as the individual grinds are so much smaller in texture, this means that water can enter and take out the flavors much faster.
This is why coffee grind size can have an enormous effect on the flavor of your coffee.
Irrespective of your coffee brewing technique, the rudimentary goal of grinding coffee will basically work in the same way. You will need to break up the roasted coffee bean to its central heart to allow the oils and tasty flavors inside it to be removed and transferred into your final coffee drink. Ground coffee will have more surface area than a whole coffee bean which is then useful as it lets water get into contact with more of the flavors while brewing.
The key “rules” when grinding your coffee are:
- Grind just before you are about to make your coffee to keep the flavors fresh.
- Select the correct grind size according to your taste and machine.
- Hand-pick and use a first-class coffee grinder for your favorite type of coffee.
- Ensure that your coffee grinder is always kept perfectly clean.
Choosing the Correct Grind Size
The ideal size of your ground coffee is subject to what type of brewing method you are using. Remember that you will not be able to simply choose one grind size and then stick with that for every different type of coffee that you wish to make. Some grinds sizes are also suited better to different kinds of coffee maker. Picking the appropriate grind size can sometimes be puzzling. So, to determine which grind setting to use, you need to think about the following factors:
- Abstraction rate
Larger grind sizes want more interaction time with water to fully extract the flavor from the bean. Smaller grind sizes require much less contact time get the best flavor. So, generally speaking, you will need to use a coarser grind for lengthier brewing times and a smaller grind for quicker brewing coffees ready in under 4 minutes.
- Rate of water movement
A larger grind allows water to pass through rapidly whereas a fine grind reduces the movement of water, so this alters the taste of your coffee.
- What it feels like
One active way to evaluate the size of the coffee grind is to touch it. Rub some of the coffee grounds between your thumb and finger lightly to get a sense of its texture. Coffee grinds when coarse should feel a little like sea salt, they feel like sand for a medium sized grind, and feel like sugar if it is a fine grind.
- How it tastes
In the end, it will come down to how your coffee tastes. Taste is very personal. If the coffee tastes to bitter, sharp, or just too strong then fine-tune the grind to make it coarser the next time that you brew. If the coffee tastes a little weak, water-logged, flat or tart then just make the grind much finer. Minor modifications to your grind make a big difference. Keep your changes small to begin with so that you can take note of differences and then keep altering the size of the coffee grind to get it right.
You will probably notice some brew approaches will work for more than one grind size grouping – this is due to the fact that you are able control the result of your brew with the alteration of grind size alongside changing the brewing time for different brew methods.
Coffee Grind Size Chart
|Coffee Bean Grind Size||Perfect Brewing Technique|
Separate, chunky fragments of coffee beans. Like Rock Salt in texture.
Gritty consistency with noticeable flakes. Like coarse sand.
Very smooth quality. Slightly finer than table salt.
Coffee grains only just noticeable. A little finer than white sugar.
Ground with no grains. Like flour.
Coarse Ground Coffee
Coarse grinds are unsurpassed for the French press, but this can set limits on you when it comes to using course ground for making coffee. Many of the much-loved coffee’s like cappuccino, and even the humble flat white, are usually made with fine grinds.
Nonetheless you are still able to use your coarse grinds to make some delicious coffee drinks. As soon as you get the coarseness precise for a French press, you will be able to enjoy barista style quality coffee. There are two main ways to create coarse grinds, or course you can buy them in the form of pre-ground coffee, but the taste is so much better when you get coffee beans to freshly grind yourself in the moment. Usually however, coffee brewed with grounds which are much to coarse will give you weak and less palatable coffee as this leads to them being under-extracted.
Fine Grind Coffee
You will need this kind of delicate grind to create a prodigious shot of espresso. If you have been using anything other than fine grounds to try this then you are undoubtably in for a treat when using fine coffee grounds. Fine grind is also perfect for moka pot coffee.
Why is Your Coffee Bitter?
Coffee making is a subtle art and there are a number of reasons why your coffee can taste bitter. Your instant reaction might be to blame the coffee beans themselves, nevertheless there are countless other explanations as to why your coffee is not tasting right.
Over brewing your coffee– This is really easy to do if you are new to brewing coffee and very exasperating. Over brewing occurs when the coffee grounds have been left too long in water. This causes you to have bitter, unwanted flavors in your coffee.
Water being too hot – A lot of people use water that has been freshly boiled, but this will be too hot for your coffee grounds and will even give them a singed or bitter taste. The perfect temperature to brew coffee beans at is about 90°C, therefore let the boiled water cool down for a while before you use it.
Keep your coffee machine clean – Left over deposits from your preceding brew may well be producing the disagreeable taste, ensure that you methodically wash your apparatus between each and every use.
If you have considered all the previous suggestions, it might be the coffee beans themselves in the end. Low quality coffee beans will have unpleasant features no matter how much effort you put into the brewing, so ensure that you always buy fresh first-rate coffee beans.
In summary, the grind size of your coffee is enormously more significant than most people realize, even coffee experts forget this from time to time. Use the above coffee grind chart to practice achieving the faultless brew. As soon as you have pinned down the exact thing that makes your coffee drink perfect, you will be left wondering how you spent so many of your years using coffee grounds of mysterious grind size to make your ideal coffee.